Reduce extrem poverty and achieve a sustainable environment that provide improved living standards to everyone

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Kumponda WASH Project Report

Action for Environmental Sustainability (AfES) in Partnership with Vibrant Village Foundation (VVF), is implementing WASH activities in Kumponda Village in Blantyre district. 

Please read our project summary Report Below;








Blantyre/Southern Region


4 sub-villages/ Zwanya, Kumponda, kamwendo and Chiwalo.

Direct Population Benefited:

5420 People

Current community situation/problems:

Poor access to clean water, lack of sustainable community structures for management of water, sanitation and hygiene, an increase in water, sanitation and hygiene related problems.

Project components:

Mobilization and training a sanitation and hygiene promotion group made of 20 members where 10 are women, training of 18 local water pump mechanics, and maintenance/rehabilitation of 4 broken water pumps.





Numbers Reached


Completed rehabilitation and maintenance of 4 boreholes afridev water pumps.

Providing clean drinking water to 5420 people including 300 pre-elementary school Children of Ntenjera community based care centre.

Kumponda Village, sub-village headman Kumponda,zwanya, kamwendo and chiwalo.

Completed the field practical hands on training of 18 local mechanics in water pumps maintenance and general management of a water point.

18 local mechanics fully attended and completed the field practical training's.

Kumponda Village, sub-village headman Kumponda,zwanya, kamwendo and chiwalo.


4 boreholes using afridev water pumps have been maintained successfully in Kumponda Village, sub-village headman Kumponda, zwanya, kamwendo and chiwalo directly supplying clean drinking water to more than 5720 people.


The maintenance of 4 boreholes which has taken about two and a half Months for the 1st of August 2015 has been also used as part of the field practical training's of 18 local mechanics in borehole water pumps maintenance which have also been successful.  The field practical training's were being conducted in collaboration with the department of water (DoW) and Action for Environmental Sustainability (AfES).  In total 18 local mechanics with equal representation of Men and Women successfully completed the trainings which have realized 4 boreholes afridev water pumps maintained in Kumponda Village, sub-village headmen, Kumponda, zwanya, kamwendo and chiwalo.


Key Learning;

Learning by doing is very effective way of acquiring maintenance skills as participants were able to easily adopt and understand technical aspects of the training's and demonstrated to remember and apply everything well than the convectional classroom training's.

Easy access to clean drinking water has tremendously reduced the unproductive time and increased the productive time for women of Kumponda community by 60 percent.


Key challenges;

During the implementation of this project one major challenge experiences was  a complete technical maintenance failure of one water pump (borehole) due to a technical irreversible blockage and broken polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) pipes of the borehole in the underground water source.

Solution taken; Alternatively the challenge was managed by moving to another broken water pump which serves the same beneficiaries’ of sub-village headman Kumponda (where the first pump was broken) including elementary School and pre-school children of Ntengela community based child care centre and Ntengela primary School.


The project major activities included finalization of maintaining the 4 borehole afridev water pumps which also was accompanied by the practical hands on training's for 18 local mechanics.

The overall field practical training objective was to equip the local mechanics with skills and knowledge on borehole maintenance procedures at Community level for sustainable use of the water points. These trainings were a complementary to the classroom training's that were organized in the previous quarter, therefore, the following was a model used to train the local mechanics both in classroom (one week training) and field practical’s (two and half Month training).


During the training the following methodologies were used.

· Focus group discussion (FGD)

· Brain storming

· Role play

· Questions and answers

·Borehole demonstration (field practical application)


· Historical Background of VLOM System (village level operation and    maintenance).

· Introduction to a borehole.

·Afridev hand pump parts and their function

                 -    Above ground components

            -    Below ground components

· Fast wearing parts

· Tools for dismantling and reassembling of the hand pump.

· Pumping Mechanism of Afridev hand pump

· Types of maintenance

        - Preventive maintenance

        - Breakdown maintenance

        - Facility maintenance and reliability

· Security system for Afridev hand pump

· Roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders.

· Community Action Cycle for Operation and maintenance.

· Facility Management Plan (FMP)

· Mainstreaming Cross cutting issues in water supply and sanitation.

-          Gender

-          HIV and AIDS

-          Environments


Participant to the training includes the following people;

  1. Charlie Chanthengo
  2. Maxwell Ellias
  3. George Njoloma
  4. Trizer Gowa
  5. Eckton Mbeta
  6. Samuel Wandolo
  7. Edna Tambala
  8. John Masamba
  9. Alepha Thomas
  10. Frank Seyama
  11. Loney Kululanga
  12. Agness Roben
  13. Joseph Daka
  14. Evasi Juliyo
  15.  Lydia Daudi
  16. Nickson Kamphanje
  17. Dorothy Enerst
  18. Grace Chirwa 
  • 200 Table tops water filters were also distributed to households that are vulnerable to drinking unclean water in the community.

Feedback from the trainees

The training's are very essential to us because we didn’t have any mechanics for maintenance of our water pumps once they are broken, we struggled with the department water from the government to come and help us and they were not showing up even for more than a year whilst we are asking from them, may be because they are too occupied with the whole southern region, I don’t know, but now we are going to be able to do everything by ourselves, we will buy spare parts by using the water user fees collected for using the water pump from all capable families that are in our register. Thanks to AfES and Vibrant village foundation for this assistance.

Feedback from community users

Group Village headman Kumponda; The water issues that AfES and Vibrant Village foundation are addressing in my community are very crucial, this will relief us from thinking about the problems of clean drinking water and its associated effects that have been with us every day and it will give us time to concentrate on other issues that would help to reduce poverty and hunger in my community, on behalf of all the people in my community, we are very thankful for this help.

Learning Observed from the activities

Learning by doing is very effective way of acquiring maintenance skills as participants were able to easily adopt and understand technical aspects of the training's and demonstrated to remember and apply everything well than the convectional classroom training's.

The community arrangement for maintenance of water pumps was very weak. Before the training's the targeted communities were neither able to know where they can source the water pump spare parts (which are very much available in open local markets) even if they had funds to do so, they completely lacked very basic skills of addressing day to day problems of a water pumps and had no appropriate structures to oversee the water pump performance from time to time.

Some of the water pumps were not technically broken whilst been used but were vandalized through theft. These cases would be contributed by poor community organization to monitor and oversee the water pumps effectively and vulnerability of the water pumps to vandalism due to lack of the pump guards (a security bar that is installed on the water pump to control any form of vandalism).

Women and Girls are the most affected when a water pump is not working, they fail to participate in productive activities that would provide income security to the households at large (since culturally in Kumponda community most men are not very responsible in supporting families on day to day basis). This project has maintained 4 water pumps saved the time that women waste in fetching for clean drinking water by 60 percent.




There have been very measurable strides in attaining the project targets which includes the following;

  • Successful completion of the 2 and half Months practical field training's of 18 local mechanics in water pump maintenance/repair and rehabilitation.
  • Successful completion in the maintenance of 4 water which are currently supplying clean drinking water to more than 5720 people in Kumponda community; sub-village headmen, Kumponda, zwanya, kamwendo and chiwalo.

Japan water forum fund 

To be added soon

AfWA/USAID Non revenue water management and improved governance Project

To be added soon